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Glycolic acid is an alpha hydroxy acid (AHA) derived from sugarcane. In cosmetic formulations, it is commonly used for its exfoliating properties. The percentage of glycolic acid in a product varies, typically ranging from 5% to 30%, depending on the desired strength and the product’s intended purpose.

  1. Source: Derived from sugarcane, glycolic acid is a natural alpha hydroxy acid (AHA).
  2. Percentage in Products: Commonly used in cosmetic formulations ranging from 5% to 30%, depending on the desired strength and product purpose.
  3. pH for Activity: Most effective at a pH around 3.5, allowing for optimal skin penetration.
  4. Benefits:
    • Exfoliation: Promotes the removal of dead skin cells, enhancing skin texture.
    • Collagen Stimulation: Stimulates collagen production, contributing to skin firmness.
    • Anti-Aging: Reduces the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.
    • Hyperpigmentation: Addresses uneven skin tone and pigmentation issues.
  5. Precautions:
    • Sun Sensitivity: Increases sensitivity to sunlight, necessitating the use of sunscreen.
    • Patch Test: Conduct a patch test before widespread use to check for potential skin reactions.
    • Start Low, Go Slow: Begin with lower concentrations to allow the skin to acclimate.
    • Avoid Concurrent Exfoliants: Be cautious when using other exfoliating products simultaneously.

Botanicals that Complement Glycolic Acid:

  1. Chamomile Extract: Anti-inflammatory properties, soothing for the skin.
  2. Green Tea Extract: Rich in antioxidants, helps combat free radicals.
  3. Hyaluronic Acid: Provides intense hydration, counteracting potential dryness.
  4. Calendula Oil: Anti-inflammatory and skin-soothing properties.
  5. Licorice Root Extract: Addresses hyperpigmentation and soothes the skin.
  6. Aloe Vera Gel: Soothing and hydrating, counters potential irritation.
  7. Cucumber Extract: Cooling and refreshing, reduces potential redness.
  8. Oat Extract: Anti-inflammatory and moisturizing, suitable for sensitive skin.

When incorporating glycolic acid into your natural cosmetic formulations, these botanicals can enhance the overall product, providing a balance between exfoliation and skin nourishment. Always prioritize the use of natural, safe ingredients to align with your commitment to promoting healthy and effective skincare.